Literature on innovation emphasises the potential for organisations to collaborate and network instead of carrying out innovation individually. Integrating suppliers, customers and other organisations into the innovation process is perceived as a key to success in innovation management (Chesbrough, 2003). Furthermore, the management of the initial phase of the innovation process has proven vital to the overall innovation success (Kim and Wilemon, 2002a,b). Although the merits of network-based innovations are widely acknowledged, the managerial challenges of the initial integration of external organisations in an innovation network are somewhat neglected in the literature. The aim of this paper is hence to address the challenges that an organisation faces when integrating a plurality of suppliers, customers and other organisations into the Fuzzy Front End of the innovation process.
The innovation process is typically divided into a series of succeeding stages where the Fuzzy Front-End is the first stage to encounter. A wide stream of research applies an intra-firm paradigm and focuses on the manufacturer and how this organisation can control and influence the environment (Cooper, 2005; Cooper and Kleinschmidt, 1987). In contrast to this approach, the paradigm of open innovation and inter-firm collaboration has become increasingly influential in the recent decade (Chesbrough, 2003). In this paradigm, the locus of innovation is considered to be located in the interstices between firms (Powell et al., 1996). Companies can engage in such inter-firm collaborations in regard to many different activities, e.g., innovation, logistics, marketing and sales (Moller and Halinen, 1999; Hagedoorn, 2002; Nooteboom, 2004). The focus of this paper is on interfirm collaboration where innovation is the main part of the collaborative effort. Innovation in this respect refers to the research and development (R&D) activity devoted to increasing scientific or technical knowledge and the application of that knowledge to the creation of new and improved products and processes (Hagedoorn, 2002).
Publisher : International Journal of Innovation Management
By : JACOB HÖJ JÖRGENSEN , CARSTEN BERGENHOLTZz,RENÉ CHESTER GODUSCHEIT ,y and ERIK STAVNSAGER RASMUSSENy
File Information: English Language/ 19 Page / size: 186 KB
سال : 2011
ناشر : International Journal of Innovation Management
کاری از : JACOB HÖJ JÖRGENSEN , CARSTEN BERGENHOLTZz,RENÉ CHESTER GODUSCHEIT ,y and ERIK STAVNSAGER RASMUSSENy
اطلاعات فایل : زبان انگلیسی / 19 صفحه / حجم : KB 186
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