• Green supply chain management -taliem-ir

    Green supply chain management and export performance The mediating role of environmental performance

    تومان

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of green supply chain management (GSCM) on environmental performance (EP) and export performance in the context of a developing country, Jordan. In addition, the mediating effect of EP on the relationship between GSCM and export performance is investigated. Design/methodology/approach The study is based on survey data collected from 221 manufacturing companies in Jordan. The companies were selected from different industry types to ensure diversity. Validity and reliability  analyses were performed using SPSS and Amos, and structural equation modeling was used to test the study hypotheses. Findings The results revealed that GSCM positively and significantly affects both EP and export performance. In addition, the results demonstrated that EP positively and significantly affects export performance. Further, it is also found that EP positively and significantly mediates the relationship between GSCM and export performance. Originality/value The current study is one of the first to investigate the impact of GSCM on export performance, especially in the context of a developing country. In addition, this study contributes to the existing literature by highlighting the mediating effect of EP on GSCMexport performance relationship. GSCM is an under-investigated area in Jordan. The results are expected to promote GSCM implementation among manufacturing companies in Jordan in order to achieve economic benefits by increasing their exports through improvements in EP.

     

  • Mechanism to Enhance-taliem-ir

    Mechanism to Enhance Team Creative Performance through Social Media: A transactive Memory System Approach

    تومان

    Research on social media as a source of knowledge coordination and communication has been flourishing. Organizations are increasingly focusing on teamwork as a creative solution for contemporary market challenges. In this study, we develop a mechanism to test the effects of the three dimensions of social media (social, cognitive, and hedonic use) on team creative performance in terms of knowledge management. Our survey data are collected from 382 members of 82 knowledge work teams. The analysis reveals that the three dimensions of social media have different effects on the transactive memory system. In addition, the dimensions of the transactive memory system enhance team creative performance through team creative efficacy. These findings bridge a literature gap by explaining the process and mechanism by which different social media uses influence team creative  performance. This study has practical implications amongorganizations that aim to use social media to utilize each team member’s expert knowledge to boost creative performance.

  • The role of ICT and innovation-taliem-ir

    The role of ICT and innovation in enhancing organizational performance: The catalysing effect of corporate entrepreneurship

    تومان

    Information and communication technologies (ICT)-based innovations and applications have become major drivers of enhanced organizational performance, economic growth, and social change. However, although the body of research that is pertinent to this area has substantially grown, the importance of complementary factors such as corporate entrepreneurship in enhancing the impact of technological innovation on organizational performance has yet to be addressed. This paper develops and tests a framework that depicts and examines the nature of the relationship between ICT-adoption/use and organizational performance in the Lebanese market, taking into consideration the impact that corporate entrepreneurship may have on this relationship. PLS is used to test the proposed relationships along with the significance of the mediation effect of corporate entrepreneurship. A multigroup analysis is also deployed to examine the impact of ICT-use level on the model. The proposed model is proven to be fit, the hypotheses are supported, and the implications are discussed.

     

  • Born globals – presence-taliem-ir

    Born globals – presence, performance and prospects

    تومان

    The concept born global firms has gained a spectacular increase in interest from both academic and political circles. Rigorous quantitative treatment of born global firms are however rare in the international business/ economics literature. Implementing unique data on all Swedish start-ups during 19982008 in the  manufacturing sector, we conclude that born global firms are a very rare event, that their prevalence seems invariant to time, and that they perform similar to other matched twinfirms with regard to profitability and productivity but report a considerably higher growth in employment and sales. These results are robust to a wider definition of born global firms and to the timing of performance measurements.

  • Concrete.Bridge.Engineering.Performance.[taliem.ir]

    CONCRETE BRIDGE ENGINEERING Performance and Advances

    تومان

    On-site investigation of concrete bridges may be necessary for a wide range of reasons which will generally be associated with assessment of either specification compliance, maintenance requirements or structural adequacy. Establishing the precise aims of inspection and testing is an essential prerequisite to all test programme planning including fundamental aspects such as selection of methods, location of test points and interpretation of results. On-site inspection and testing, other than superficial visual inspection, is seldom cheap as complex access arrangements are frequently necessary and procedures may be time-consuming. Furthermore, individual observations or test results are often inconclusive, and back-up testing coupled with considerable engineering judgement and experience are then required.

  • Corporate social responsibility performance.[taliem.irr]

    Corporate social responsibility performance and information asymmetry

    تومان

    Using Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) performance scores from KLD STAT, we investigate whether CSR performance affects information asymmetry. We find that both positive and negative CSR performance reduce information asymmetry. Moreover, we find that the influence of negative CSR performance is much stronger than that of positive CSR performance in reducing information asymmetry. We also investigate the effect of informed investors on the CSR performance-asymmetry relation. We find that the negative  association between CSR performance and bid-ask spread decreases for firms with a high level of institutional investors compared to those with a low level of institutional investors. This finding suggests that informed investors may exploit their CSR information advantage. Overall, our results suggest that CSR performance plays a positive role for investors by reducing information asymmetry and that regulatory action may be appropriate to mitigate the adverse selection problem faced by less-informed investors.

  • Creating high performance teamwork in organizations[taliem.ir]

    Creating high performance teamwork in organizations

    تومان

    The adoption of teams continues to increase in almost every domain of modern work life. In the current article we review evidence of the complexity of modern work, industry trends in the use of teams, and the challenges of achieving the full potential of organizational work teams. We aimed to meaningfully move forward the science of high performance teamwork by assembling a focused set of review articles in the present special issue. We consider four themes that capture the articles in this special issue and avenues for achieving the full potential of teams: (1) work across boundaries; (2) build effective team processes and states; (3) manage team development issues; and (4) leverage human capital. Collectively, the contents of this special issue offer important new opportunities for advancing future research and for making a practical difference in the effectiveness of teams in organizations. We identify six areas in which future research efforts in high performance  teamwork should be directed based on “realities” that, in our view, need to be addressed.

  • Enhancing firm performance-taliem-ir

    Enhancing firm performance: The role of brand orientation in business-tobusiness marketing

    تومان

    Though business-to-business branding has received substantial attention from researchers, practitioners are slow to adopt brand orientations. This study highlights the role of brand orientation in translating managerial and organizational resources into superior brand performance. Specifically, this study extends the extant literature by (1) investigating the factors that influence whether managers adopt a brand orientation and (2) exploring the processes that allow B2B branding to influence brand performance. Using data collected from 166 Chinese industrial firms operating in a variety of industrial sectors, this study finds that both  entrepreneurial orientation and marketing capability positively influence a firm’s brand orientation and the brand orientation can influence a firm’s brand performance both directly and indirectly by encouraging  customer value co-creation activities.

  • Entrepreneurial SCM competence and performance of[taliem.ir]

    Entrepreneurial SCM competence and performance of manufacturing SMEs

    تومان

    This study reviewed the literature and interviewed managers to discover the dimensions of a new construct called the entrepreneurial supply chain management competence of small and medium-sized enterprises. We measured entrepreneurial SCM competence in terms of five first-order constructs: innovation orientation, proactiveness orientation, risk-taking characteristics, relational capital, and coordination capability. We further proposed that this competence affects SMEs’ performance directly and indirectly via the firm’s SCM  strategies. A set of survey data collected from automotive OEM suppliers in five ASEAN countries was used to test the research model. Results show that the five constructs are important dimensions of entrepreneurial SCM competence, and that they affect performance indirectly. Our findings provide valuable insights about the enablers of an SME’s SCM practices and their effects on firm performance.

  • Entrepreneurial SCM competence and performance of[taliem.ir]

    Entrepreneurial SCM competence and performance of manufacturing SMEs

    تومان

    This study reviewed the literature and interviewed managers to discover the dimensions of a new construct called the entrepreneurial supply chain management competence of small and medium-sized enterprises. We measured entrepreneurial SCM competence in terms of five first-order constructs: innovation orientation, proactiveness orientation, risk-taking characteristics, relational capital, and coordination capability. We further proposed that this competence affects SMEs’ performance directly and indirectly via the firm’s SCM  strategies. A set of survey data collected from automotive OEM suppliers in five ASEAN countries was used to test the research model. Results show that the five constructs are important dimensions of entrepreneurial  SCM competence, and that they affect performance indirectly. Our findings provide valuable insights about the enablers of an SME’s SCM practices and their effects on firm performance.

  • Improvements in City Government Performance Reporting[taliem.ir]

    Improvements in City Government Performance Reporting

    تومان

    Performance activities, including external reporting, remain a hot topic among policymakers, standard-  setters, government managers and citizens. While there is still a long way to go, the quality and quantity of city performance reporting has improved substantially over the past 10 years. We compare the reports of 121 large cities to a study of 200 state agencies. The quality of the city and state reports are very similar with about 1% of the reports reaching high quality and over 30% of the reports making notable progress. The number of city departments that prepare reports (i.e. quanity) is much lower with less than 40% of city  departments reporting online versus over 90% of state departments. We discuss four recent developments with the potential to increase reporting quality and quantity: 1) expanded recognition of quality reports, 2) a new “preparer-friendly” website, 3) initiatives by several national associations, and 4) ongoing guidance and support from the Governmental Accounting Standards Board.

  • Improving Power Line Utilization and Performance With D-FACTS Devices[taliem.ir]

    Improving Power Line Utilization and Performance With D-FACTS Devices

    تومان

    This paper discusses the use of massivelydispersed mass-manufactured communicationsenabled sensor,  power-converter and actuator networks to realize a smart, fault tolerant, controllable and asset efficient  power grid. A critical unfulfilled need, power flow control on existing lines, is solved using many modules of a Distributed Static Series Compensator (DSSC) device that can be clamped on to existing power lines, and can be operated so as to control the impedance of the conductor – realizing the first in a family of Distributed Flexible AC Transmission System or D-FACTS devices. This approach promises important system-wide  enefits including – increased line and system capacity; increased reliability; improved asset utilization; improved operation under contingencies; reduced environmental impact; incremental deployment; and rapid implementation.

  • INTEGRATED INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND INTERORGANIZATIONAL[taliem.ir]

    INTEGRATED INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND INTERORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE THE ROLE OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS DESIGN

    تومان

    The interorganizational environment faced by business organizations presents unique challenges for management accounting and control.  Past management accounting research has shown interest in such collaborations because despite their benefits, such relationships pose  significant issues of coordination and control. As information and communication systems supplement management control systems in their support of decision facilitation and decision influencing, examining the design of management accounting systems (MASs) in the management of interorganizational relationships and assessing how it affects the attainment of interorganizational exchange partner performance objectives is important. In this chapter, I extend past accounting research to examine the complementary nature of decision-facilitation and  decisioninfluencing objectives of MAS design as enabled by the use of integrated information systems in interorganizational settings. The  economic theory of complementarity is employed to examine synergistic effects of complementary MAS objectives. A field survey is used to examine hypothesized relationships, and data were obtained from 116 organizations involved in strategic alliance activity. This chapter reports findings that support the view that the degree of complementarity in decisionfacilitation and decision-influencing objectives assists in the  development of capabilities that enhance performance in the interorganizational relationship. The study blends theory in the areas of strategy, information systems, and management accounting and extends management accounting research in the context of IT-enabled  interorganizational relationships.

  • Recycling of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete[taliem.ir]

    Recycling of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete: An overview

    تومان

    Waste tires pose significant health and environmental concerns if not recycled and/or discarded properly. Over the years, recycling waste tires into civil engineering applications, especially into asphalt paving mixtures and portland cement concrete, has been gaining more and more interests. This review summarizes the recent advances in the use of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete. The use of crumb rubber in asphalt paving mixture has long been proven successful due to good compatibility and interaction between rubber particles and asphalt binder, leading to various improved properties and performance of asphalt mixtures. The rubberized asphalt mixtures also have shown good compatibility with two widely used sustainability technologies in asphalt paving industry – reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and warm-mix asphalt (WMA). In comparison with its use in asphalt paving mixtures, recycling of waste rubber in Portland cement concrete has not been so successful due to two factors: (1) incompatibility in chemical property between rubber and cement paste and (2) the significant difference in stiffness resulting in stress concentrations. Various methods have been proposed to overcome the barriers to improve the  performance of rubberized portland cement concrete, some of which have shown to be promising.

  • Recycling of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete[taliem.ir]

    Recycling of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete: An overview

    تومان

    Waste tires pose significant health and environmental concerns if not recycled and/or discarded properly. Over the years, recycling waste tires into civil engineering applications, especially into asphalt paving mixtures and portland cement concrete, has been gaining more and more interests. This review summarizes the  recent advances in the use of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete. The use of crumb rubber in asphalt paving mixture has long been proven successful due to good compatibility and interaction between rubber particles and asphalt binder, leading to various improved properties and performance of  asphalt mixtures. The rubberized asphalt mixtures also have shown good compatibility with two widely used sustainability technologies in asphalt paving industry – reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and warm-mix asphalt (WMA). In comparison with its use in asphalt paving mixtures, recycling of waste rubber in Portland cement concrete has not been so successful due to two factors: (1) incompatibility in chemical property  between rubber and cement paste and (2) the significant difference in stiffness resulting in stress  concentrations. Various methods have been proposed to overcome the barriers to improve the performance of rubberized portland cement concrete, some of which have shown to be promising.