TiO2 is a well-known material and has remarkable physical, chemical and biocompatible properties which have made it a suitable material in the biological world. The development of new TiO2– based materials is strongly required to achieve desired properties and applications. A large number of TiO2 composites have been synthesized and applied in various fields. The present review reports the utility of TiO2 and its composites in biosensing, in Photodynamic Therapy, as an antimicrobial agent and as a nanodrug carrier. The aim of this review is to discuss the biological application of the TiO2 based materials and some recent advancement in TiO2 to enhance its application in the biological world.
Biomaterials are biocompatible substances used in biological world for analysis, treatment and support to the living beings. They may be originated naturally or synthesized in laboratory. Among synthesized materials, TiO2 is one of the well-known semiconductormaterial used in the biological world. Utilization of TiO2, in water splitting (Fujishima and Honda 1972) and in photokilling of various microorganisms (Matsunaga et al. 1985) revolutionized the chemical and biological world respectively to a great extent. In the present scenario TiO2 is widely used in cosmetics, paints, ceramics, photocatalysis, solar cell, food coloring etc. TiO2 and TiO2 based conjugates exhibit antimicrobial activity and are also being applied in various biological applications like biosensing, blood clotting, drug delivery and photodynamic therapy due to their stability, sensitivity, selectivity, biocompatibility and non-toxic nature to the living beings. Titanium and its alloys have good mechanical properties, low density and excellent biocompatibility (Hunt and Shoichet 1985; Olmedo’ et al. 2008) which make these compounds highly applicable in the field of implantssuch as osteointegrated dental and orthopedic implants (Sahar et al. 1988).
Publisher : SPINGER
By : Naveen Kumar . Nar Singh Chauhan . Anuj Mittal . Shankar Sharma
File Information: English Language/ 13 Page / size: 1.71 MB
سال : ۱۳۹۷
ناشر : SPINGER
کاری از : نوان کومار. نار سینگ چووهن. Anuj Mittal. شانکار شارما
اطلاعات فایل : زبان انگلیسی / ۱۳ صفحه / حجم : MB 1.71