Due to the limited energy of the sensor nodes, the unreasonable clustering routing algorithm will cause node premature death and low utilization of energy efficiency in wireless sensor network (WSN). In Adaptive hresholdsensitive Energy Efficient Network (APTEEN), the assignments of the cluster head (CH) are much heavier than other nodes. The CH unbalanced energy dissipation between nodes that make them die prematurely. Ant colony algorithm can avoid this problem, so this paper presents a double cluster heads Adaptive Threshold-sensitive Energy Efficient Network based on ant colony (ADCAPTEEN). ADCAPTEEN optimizes the cluster head election method compared with APTEEN. It suggests that one master cluster head (MCH) and one vice cluster head (VCH) will be selected in each cluster. The double cluster heads (DCH) can co-work on data collection, fusion, transition, etc. To make routes more stable and energy efficient, this paper proposes a Multiple Adaptive Threshold-sensitive Energy Efficient Network based on Ant-colony (AMAPTEEN). It is the optimization of ADCAPTEEN. And CH selects intermediate node (IM_node) multiple times with ant colony algorithm per round in each cluster, and this way forms multiple route transmission data. Simulation in OPNET proves that compared with APTEEN, ADCAPTEEN reduces energy dissipation, improves node survival rate, and extends network life cycle. AMAPTEEN delays the time of node death, balances energy consumption, and extends network lifetime further operating in the same settings compared with ADCAPTEEN. The proposed two algorithms have good scalability, and they are suitable for large-scale network.
Wireless sensor networks (WSN) consisting of a large number of sensor nodes are deployed randomly in monitor areas. The applications of the WSN have grown rapidly over the recent years. The performance and the quality of WSNare closely related to the type of routing protocol. Clustering routing protocol commonly used as clustering protocol caneffectively facilitates saving energy . Basing on the mode of functioning, WSNs can be classified into proactive, reactive, and hybrid networks. Under proactive network application mode, sensor nodes continuously monitor thesurrounding environment and send periodically the monitored data to the user at a constant cycle rate. The reactive network, however, only transmits data when the observed variable changes, and the change reaches the conditions that need to be sent.
Publisher : SPRINGER
By : Jinyu Ma, Shubin Wang , Chen Meng, Yanhong Ge and Jingtao Du
File Information: English Language/ 13 Page / size: 1.40 MB
سال : ۱۳۹۶
ناشر : SPRINGER
کاری از : جینی م، شوبین وانگ، چن مند، یان هونگ جی و جینگتائو دو
اطلاعات فایل : زبان انگلیسی / 13 صفحه / حجم : MB 1.40