Internationalization speed, resources and performance: Evidence from Indian software industry0 تومان
Rapid internationalization provides firms with quick access to global markets, but also constrains their capacity to absorb the expansion. Identifying the resources and capabilities that are most likely to moderate the relationship between rapid internationalization and performance is, therefore, of great interest. We focus on the software service industry in the specific context of the Indian emerging economy and investigate the role of linkage, leverage and learning capabilities. We use a unique longitudinal dataset from the Indian software sectoras a setting to test our posited relationships and our findings largely support our predictions.
“Greening” the marketing mix: do firms do it and does it pay off?0 تومان
Growing concern about the sustainability of the natural environment is rapidly transforming the competitive landscape and forcing companies to explore the costs and benefits of “greening” their marketing mix. We develop and test a theoretical model that predicts (1) the role of green marketing programs in influencing firm performance, (2) the impact of slack resources and top management risk aversion on the deployment of such programs, and (3) the conditioning effects that underpin these relationships. Our analyses show that green marketing programs are being implemented by firms, and we find evidence of significant performance payoffs. Specifically the results indicate that green product and distribution programs positively affect firms’ productmarket performance, while green pricing and promotion practices are directly positively related to firms’ return on assets. In addition, industry-level environmental reputation moderates the links between green marketing program components and firms’ product-market and financial performance. Finally, we find that slack resources and top management risk aversion are independently conducive to the adoption of green marketing programs—but operate as substitutes for each other.
Comparing the impact of different marketing capabilities: Empirical evidence from B2B firms in China0 تومان
This research compares three key types of marketing capabilities (static, dynamic, and adaptive capabilities) with one another to examine empirically the relative contribution of each capability type to firm performance under different market conditions. Through two empirical studies with business-to-business managers, this study first develops a scale of adaptive marketing capabilities and then investigates the relationships between all three types of marketing capabilities and firm performance. The results show that adaptive marketing capabilities have the greatest impact on market performance. In addition, while environmental turbulence obliterates the contribution of static marketing capabilities (turning the effect negative), it actually strengthens the relationship between adaptive marketing capabilities and firm performance. Finally, dynamic marketing capabilities have a similar impact under low and high environmental turbulence, suggesting the instability in today’s marketplace even within relatively “stable” markets. Together, the insights from this research underscore the importance of differentiating among the three types of marketing capabilities and building a firm’s capabilities portfolio depending on firm and market conditions.
Contingency Factors, Risk Management, and Performance of Indonesian Banks0 تومان
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of enterprise risk management (ERM) and credit risk management (CMR) on Indonesian bank performance. This study also investigates the moderating role of bank contingency factors on those impacts. By exploring purposive sampling method, 24 Indonesian public listed Banks were selected as the sample of this study for four years observations. This study found ERM and CRM positively influence on Indonesian bank performance. This study also reported that the influencing of ERM on Bank performance will be stronger for large bank and the bank which operate in higher environmental uncertainty, higher complexity, and lower independent board monitoring. In contrast this study provide an empirical evidence on strangtern CRM-bank performance relationship will be exist for small bank and the bank which operate in lower environmental uncertainty, lower complexity, and higher ndependent board monitoring.
Corporate governance and firm performance in emerging markets: Evidence from Turkey0 تومان
This is a study of the relationship between context, internal corporate governance and firm performance, looking at the case of Turkey, an exemplar of family capitalism. We found more concentrated ownership, often in the hands of families, led to firms performing better; concentrated ownership means that controlling families bear more of the risks of poor performance. Less predictably, given that the institutional environment is so well attuned to family ownership, we found that mechanisms that accord room for a greater range of voices and interests within and beyond families – larger boards and foreign ownership stakes – seem to also make for positive performance effects. We also noted that increase in cross ownership did not influence market performance, but was negatively associated with accounting performance. Conversely, we found that a higher proportion of family members on boards had no discernable effect on performance. Our findings provide further insights on the relationship between the type of institutions encountered in many emerging markets, internal corporate governance configurations and firm performance.
Examining market entry mode strategies via resource-based and institutional influences: Empirical evidence from a region-within-country economy context0 تومان
This research has two major purposes. The first is to develop and test a framework for market entry mode choice drawing on the resource-based theory and institutional theory in the context of region-withincountry from marketing perspective. On this issue resource-based influences and environment influences are key drivers of entry mode strategies. Specifically, the central proposition is that a firm selects market entry strategies that its resources (firm characteristics, product characteristics, and firm size) can support and this selection also depends on the firms’ perception of two environments (home market characteristics and host market characteristics). The second is to test the theoretical framework within the special situation of Hong Kong firms’ entry modes into Mainland China as a specific economic region-within-country context. A mail survey was used to gather data from 208 senior executives of Hong Kong firms undertaken. The results show that firm characteristics, product characteristics, home market characteristics, and host market characteristics (but not firm size) significantly influence the choice of equity mode entry mode strategies for firms from Hong Kong entering other economic zones within Mainland China.
Impact of enterprise resource planning systems on management control systems and firm performance0 تومان
In this study, we extend existing research on enterprise resource planning systems by exploring the effects of enterprise system adoption on subsequent non-financial and financial performance of a firm. Specifically, we investigate the role of formal and informal management control systems as mechanisms which mediate the effect of enterprise resource planning systems adoption on firm performance. Our empirical analyses are based on survey data drawn from 70 Finnish business units. Overall, our findings demonstrate that formal types of management control systems act as intervening variables mediating the positive lagged effect between enterprise systems adoption and non-financial performance. Informal types of management control systems, however, do not show similar mediating effects. We also predict and find a significant relationship between non-financial and financial firm performance. These results are important because the evidence on the joint roles of enterprise systems and management control system on improving the firm performance is very limited in prior literature. Our results show that the use of enterprise systems results in improved firm performance in the long run, and that more formal than informal types of management controls help firms achieve future performance goals.
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