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خانه مقالات-Article مقالات مکانیک-Mechanical Articles سیستم فازی-Fuzzy Systems The coordinating contracts of supply chain in a fuzzy decision environment
The coordinating contracts of supply[taliem.ir]

The coordinating contracts of supply chain in a fuzzy decision environment

ادامه/دانلودرایگان!

The rapid change of the product life cycle is making the parameters of the supply chain models more and more uncertain. Therefore, we  consider the coordination mechanisms between one manufacturer and one retailer in a fuzzy decision marking environment, where the  parameters of the models can be forecasted and expressed as the triangular fuzzy variables. The centralized decision-making system, two types  of supply chain contracts, namely, the revenue sharing contract and the return contract are proposed. To obtain their optimal policies, the  fuzzy set theory is adopted to solve these fuzzy models. Finally, three numerical examples are provided to analyze the impacts of the fuzziness  of the market demand, retail price and salvage value of the product on the optimal solutions in two contracts. It shows that in order to obtain more fuzzy expected profits the retailer and the manufacturer should seek as low fuzziness of demand, high fuzziness of the retail price and the  salvage value as possible in both contracts.

توضیحات محصول

ABSTRACT

The rapid change of the product life cycle is making the parameters of the supply chain models more and more uncertain. Therefore, we  consider the coordination mechanisms between one manufacturer and one retailer in a fuzzy decision marking environment, where the  parameters of the models can be forecasted and expressed as the triangular fuzzy variables. The centralized decision-making system, two types  of supply chain contracts, namely, the revenue sharing contract and the return contract are proposed. To obtain their optimal policies, the  fuzzy set theory is adopted to solve these fuzzy models. Finally, three numerical examples are provided to analyze the impacts of the fuzziness  of the market demand, retail price and salvage value of the product on the optimal solutions in two contracts. It shows that in order to obtain more fuzzy expected profits the retailer and the manufacturer should seek as low fuzziness of demand, high fuzziness of the retail price and the  salvage value as possible in both contracts.

INTRODUCTION

In recent years, supply chain coordination mechanisms such as the revenue sharing contract and return contract have become the hot topics  faced by both some scholars and practitioners. Coordination among the supply chain members is an important strategy in supply chain.  Contracts are considered as effective instruments to bring the manufacturer and the retailer in a decentralized supply chain to operate in  coordination. The contract can overcome the problem of double marginalization exited in supply chain system. The retailer can be induced to  order right quantity, and maximize the total profit of the supply chain system through the negotiation among the members with contracts. In such supply chain contracts, the risks caused by the uncertain demand are shifted from the retailers to the manufacturers. In return, the order  quantities of the retailers in such supply chain contracts are equal to those in the centralized decision making system so as to maximize the sum  of profits for the manufacturers and retailers.

Year: 2016

Publisher : Springer

By :  Shengju Sang

File Information: English Language/ 25 Page / size: 1,340 KB

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سال : 2016

ناشر : Springer

کاری از : Shengju Sang

اطلاعات فایل : زبان انگلیسی / 25 صفحه / حجم : KB 1,340

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