Showing 1–12 of 215 results
3D Action Recognition from Novel Viewpoints
We propose a human pرایگان!
We propose a human pose representation model that transfers human poses acquired from different unknown views to a view-invariant high-level space. The model is a deep convolutional neural network and requires a large corpus of multiview training data which is very expensive to acquire. Therefore, we propose a method to generate this data by fitting synthetic 3D human models to real motion capture data and rendering the human poses from numerous viewpoints. While learning the CNN model, we do not use action labels but only the pose labels after clustering all training poses into k clusters. The proposed model is able to generalize to real depth images of unseen poses without theneed for re-training or fine-tuning. Real depth videos are passed through the model frame-wise to extract viewinvariant features. For spatio-temporal representation, we propose group sparse Fourier Temporal Pyramid which robustly encodes the action specific most discriminative output features of the proposed human pose model. Experiments on two multiview and three single-view benchmark datasets show that the proposed method dramatically outperforms existing state-of-the-art in action recognition
A Bluetooth Routing Protocol Using Evolving Fuzzy Neural Networks
In this paper, a rouرایگان!
In this paper, a routing protocol which utilizes the characteristics of Bluetooth technology is proposed for Bluetooth-based mobile ad hoc networks. The routing tables are maintained in the master devices and the routing zone radius for each table is adjusted dynamically by using evolving fuzzy neural networks. Observing there exists some useless routing packets which are helpless to build the routing path and increase the network loads in the existing ad hoc routing protocols, we selectively use multiple unicasts or one broadcast when the destination device is out of the routing zone radius coverage of the routing table. The simulation results show that the dynamic adjustment of the routing table size in each master device results in much less reply time of routing request, fewer request packets and useless packets compared with two representative protocols, Zone Routing Protocol and Dynamic Source Routing
A Case-based Data Warehousing Courseware
Data warehousing isرایگان!
Data warehousing is one of the important approaches for data integration and data preprocessing. The objective of this project is to develop a web-based interactive courseware to help beginner data warehouse designers to reinforce the key concepts of data warehousing using a case study approach. The case study is to build a data warehouse for a university student enrollment prediction data mining system. This data warehouse is able to generate summary reports as input data files for a data mining system to predict future student enrollment. The data sources include: (1) the enrollment data from California State University, Sacramento and (2) the related public data of California. The ourseware is designed to build the data warehouse systematically using a set of 4 demonstrations covering the following data warehousing topics: fundamentals, design principle, building an enterprise data warehouse using incremental approach, and aggregation.
A comparison of neural network models, fuzzy logic, and multiple linear regression for prediction of hatchability
Application of approرایگان!
Application of appropriate models to approximate the performance function warrants more precise prediction and helps to make the best decisions in the poultry industry. This study reevaluated the factors affecting hatchability in laying hens from 29 to 56 wk of age. Twenty-eight data lines representing 4 inputs consisting of egg weight, eggshell thickness, egg sphericity, and yolk/albumin ratio and 1 output, hatchability, were obtained from the literature and used to train an artificial neural network (ANN). The prediction ability of ANN was compared with that of fuzzy logic to evaluate the fitness of these 2 methods. The models were compared using R2, mean absolute deviation (MAD), mean squared error (MSE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), and bias. The developed model was used to assess the relative importance of each variable on the hatchability by calculating the variable sensitivity ratio. The statistical evaluations showed that the ANN-based model predicted hatchability more accurately than fuzzy logic. The ANNbased model had a higher determination of coefficient (R2 = 0.99) and lower residual distribution (MAD = 0.005; MSE = 0.00004; MAPE = 0.732; bias = 0.0012) than fuzzy logic (R2 = 0.87; MAD = 0.014; MSE = 0.0004; MAPE = 2.095; bias = 0.0046). The sensitivity analysis revealed that the most important variable in the ANN-based model of hatchability was egg weight (variable sensitivity ratio, VSR = 283.11), followed by yolk/albumin ratio (VSR = 113.16), eggshell thickness (VSR = 16.23), and egg sphericity (VSR = 3.63). The results of this research showed that the universal approximation capability of ANN made it a powerful tool to approximate complex functions such as hatchability in the incubation process
A Configurational Comparative Method to Identify Multiple Pathways to Improve Patient-Centered Medical Home Models
This brief focuses oرایگان!
This brief focuses on using fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) to evaluate patientcentered medical home (PCMH) models. It is part of a series commissioned by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and developed by Mathematica Policy Research under contract, with input from other nationally recognized thought leaders in research methods and PCMH models. The series is designed to expand the toolbox of methods used to evaluate and refine PCMH models. The PCMH is a primary care approach that aims to improve quality, cost, and patient and provider experience. PCMH models emphasize patient-centered, comprehensive, coordinated, accessible care, and a systematic focus on quality and safety
A data mining approach for grouping and analyzing trajectories of care using claim data
Background: With th...رایگان!
Background: With the increasing burden of chronic diseases, analyzing and understanding trajectories of care is essential for efficient planning and fair allocation of resources. We propose an approach based on mining claim data.to support the exploration of trajectories of car
Methods: A clustering of trajectories of care for breast cancer was performed with Formal Concept Analysis. We exported Data from the French national casemix system, covering all inpatient admissions in the country. Patients admitted for breast cancer surgery in 2009 were selected and their trajectory of care was recomposed with all hospitalizations occuring within one year after surgery. The main diagnoses of hospitalizations were used to produce morbidity profiles. Cumulative hospital costs were computed for each profile
A Framework for Reasoning with Expressive Continuous Fuzzy Description Logics
In the current paperرایگان!
In the current paper we study the reasoning problem for fuzzy SI (f-SI) under arbitrary continuous fuzzy operators. Our work can be seen as an extension of previous works that studied reasoning algorithms for f-SI, but focused on specific fuzzy operators, e.g. fKD–SI and of reasoning algorithms for less expressive fuzzy DLs, like fL–ALC and fP –ALC (fuzzy ALC under the Lukasiewicz and product fuzzy operators, respectively). We show how transitivity can be handled for all the range of continuous fuzzy DLs and discuss about blocking and correctness in this setting. Based on these analysis, we present a unifying framework for reasoning over the class of continuous fuzzy DLs. Finally use the results to prove decidability of several fuzzy SI DLs
A FUZZY AHP APPROACH FOR SUPPLIER SELECTION PROBLEM: A CASE STUDY IN A GEARMOTOR COMPANY
Supplier selection iرایگان!
Supplier selection is one of the most important functions of a purchasing department. Since by deciding the best supplier, companies can save material costs and increase competitive advantage. However this decision becomes complicated in case of multiple suppliers, multiple conflicting criteria, and imprecise parameters. In addition the uncertainty and vagueness of the experts’ opinion is the prominent characteristic of the problem. Therefore an extensively used multi criteria decision making tool Fuzzy AHP can be utilized as an approach for supplier selection problem. This paper reveals the application of Fuzzy AHP in a gear motor company determining the best supplier with respect to selected criteria. The contribution of this study is not only the application of the Fuzzy AHP methodology for supplier selection problem, but also releasing a comprehensive literature review of multi criteria decision making problems. In addition by stating the steps of Fuzzy AHP clearly and numerically, this study can be a guide of the methodology to be implemented to other multiple criteria decision making problems
A fuzzy logic expert system to estimate intrinsic extinction vulnerabilities of marine fishes to fishing
Fishing has become aرایگان!
Fishing has become a major conservation threat to marine fishes. Effective conservation of threatened species requires timely identification of vulnerable species. However, evaluation of extinction risk using conventional methods is difficult for the majority of fish species because the population data normally required by such methods are unavailable. This paper presents a fuzzy expert system that integrates life history and ecological characteristics of marine fishes to estimate their intrinsic vulnerability to fishing. We extract heuristic rules (expressed in IF–THEN clauses) from published literature describing known relationships between biological characteristics and vulnerability. Input and output variables are defined by fuzzy sets which deal explicitly with the uncertainty associated with qualitative knowledge. Conclusions from different lines of evidence are combined through fuzzy inference and defuzzification processes. Our fuzzy system provides vulnerability estimates that correlate with observed declines more closely than previous methods, and has advantages in flexibility of input data requirements, in the explicit representation of uncertainty, and in the ease of incorporating new knowledge. This fuzzy expert system can be used as a decision support tool in fishery management and marine conservation planning
A Fuzzy Logic-based Personalized Learning System for Supporting Adaptive English Learning
As a nearly global lرایگان!
As a nearly global language, English as a Foreign Language (EFL) programs are essential for people wishing to learn English. Researchers have noted that extensive reading is an effective way to improve a person’s command of English. Choosing suitable articles in accordance with a learner’s needs, interests and ability using an elearning system requires precise learner profiles. This paper proposes a personalized English article recommending system, which uses accumulated learner profiles to choose appropriate English articles for a learner. It employs fuzzy inference mechanisms, memory cycle updates, learner preferences and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to help learners improve their English ability in an extensive reading environment. By using fuzzy inferences and personal memory cycle updates, it is possible to find an article best suited for both a learner’s ability and her/his need to review vocabulary. After reading an article, a test is immediately provided to enhance a learner’s memory for the words newly learned in the article. The responses of tests can be used to explicitly update memory cycles of the newly-learned vocabulary. In addition, this paper proposes a methodology that also implicitly modifies memory cycles of words that were learned before. By intensively reading articles recommended through the proposed approach, learners comprehend new words quickly and review words that they knew implicitly as well, thereby efficiently improving their vocabulary volume. Analyses of learner achievements and questionnaires have confirmed that the adaptive learning method presented in this study not only enhances the English ability of learners but also helps maintaining their learning interest
A fuzzy pert approach to evaluate plant construction project scheduling risk under uncertain resources capacity
A plant constructionرایگان!
A plant construction project always involves lots of activities. Precise information about the activities duration is unfortunately unavailable due to the uncertain resources capacity. The fuzzy program evaluation and review technique (PERT) has been widely applied to solve the fuzzy project scheduling problem. This paper presents an extended fuzzy PERT approach with four major improvement aspects to support the construction project scheduling management: 1) Evaluate operation fuzzy times based on available working volumes, resources quantity and fuzzy capacity of resources, 2) Adopting a maximal i levelcut method to compare the fuzzy precedent activities times to determine the reasonable earliest starting times of each activity, 3) Using fuzzy algebra method instead of fuzzy subtraction method to compute the fuzzy latest starting times and 4) Developing a project scheduling risk index (PSRI) to assist the decision maker to evaluate the project scheduling risk. Simulations experiments are conducted and demonstrated satisfactory results
A fuzzy set-based accuracy assessment of soft classi®cation
Despite the sizableرایگان!
Despite the sizable achievements obtained, the use of soft classi®ers is still limited by the lack of well-assessed and adequate methods for evaluating the accuracy of their outputs. This paper proposes a new method that uses the fuzzy set theory to extend the applicability of the traditional error matrix method to the evaluation of soft classi®ers. It is designed to cope with those situations in which classi®cation and/or reference data are expressed in multimembership form and the grades of membership represent dierent levels of approximation to intrinsically vague classes. Ó 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved